The UFO Encyclopedia

The UFO Encyclopedia
We have exclusive rights for The UFO Encyclopedia. Every week we will be adding more of it until the entire thing is here. don't forget to visit each week. This is the real encyclopedia of Worldwide sightings, Photographs, Abductions, Ancient Astronauts, Ufologists, Contactees, Celebrity witnesses, Organizations, Publications, And government reserch.

AAAS see AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE

AAMT see ASSOC~ON DES AMIS DE MARC THIROUIN


ABDUCTION, sometimes referred to as a CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FOURTH KIND (CE-Iv), the kidnap ping of human beings by UFO occupants. Although abductees are frequently referred to as CONTACTEES, not all contactees are abductees. In alleged contact cases, UFONAUTS generally engage in friendly con versation with earthlings during which they impart messages of a spiritual or moralistic nature. The con tactee may even be taken on a trip in a flying saucer, sometimes to the aliens' home planet. In abduction cases, on the other hand, humans are taken into spacecralt against their will. There they are subjected to physical examinations before being set free. The most well-known abduction cases are the Betty and Barney Hill case in NEW HAMPSHIRE, the Charles Hickson and Calvin Parker case in PASCAGOULA, Mississippi and the ANTONIO VILLAS-BOAS case in Brazil.


Many alleged abduction cases have been revealed only through the use of HYPNOSIS, the witnesses having lost all conscious memory of the events. Psychologist R. LEO SPRINKLE has interviewed and hypnotically re gressed numerous individuals who apparently were victims of abduction by UFOnauts within amnesic or time loss periods during UFO encounters. However, experiences related during hypnosis cannot be consid ered unequivocally factual. In experiments conducted at the Anaheim Memorial Hospital in Anaheim, Califor nia, in 1977, by clinical hypnotist William C. McCall, technical writer JOHN DEHERRERA and English pro fessor ALVIN LAwSON, imaginary UFO abductions were

induced hypnotically in a group of subjects who had never seen UFOs and were uninformed on the subject. The imaginary events described by the control subjects showed no substantive differences from those related by "real" abductees.

Some researchers believe that reports of DISAPPEAR ANCES of people and objects represent another type of UFO abduction case. Writers have hypothesized that such abductees may be used for food, slavery, experi mentation, zoos, museums or some other unknown purpose. The most notorious area where such disap pearances are reputed to occur is known as the

BERMUDA TRIANGLE.


Bibliography: Lorenzen, Coral and Jim, Abducted:

Close Encounters of a Fourth Kind (New York: Berkley Publishing Corporation, 1977).


ABOMINABLE SNOWMAN see BIGFOOT ABOMINABLE WOODMAN see BIGFOOT


ACOS see CENTRE FOR UFO STUDIES-AUS TRALIAN CO-ORDINATION SECTION


ACOS BULLETIN, publication of the CENTRE FOR

UFO STUDIE~AUsTRALIAN CO-ORDINATION SE~ON


(AC OS)


ACUFF, JOHN L. (address: 5012 Del Ray Avenue,

Washington, D.C. 20014; telephone number: 301-

654-8091), Chairman of the Board and President of the

NATIONAL INvESTIG~ON5 COMMITTEE ON AERIAL


PHENOMENA (NICAP).


Acuff adheres to no specific theories regarding the identity of UFOs.

Acuff graduated from American University in Wash-


MASIACUFF 1
2 ADAMSKI,GEORGE

ington, D.C., with a B.S. in Biology and minors in Mathematics, Psychology and Chemistry.

From 1963 to 1965, Acuff worked for Technology, Inc., where he held a management position and was primarily responsible for Biomedical Engineering re search sales. He was Director of Marketing for Flow Laboratories, Inc., from 1965 to 1967, Executive Direc tor of Photographic Scientists and Engineers from 1967 to 1970, and since 1970 has been President of his own firm, Acuff Associates, Inc., a management services organization. He is also President and Omer of Cen tennial Corporation, Executive Director and Advisor to the Board of the American Cardiology Technologists Association, Executive Director and Advisor to the Board of the Associated Dental Laboratories, Executive Director and Advisor to the Board of the National Society of Cardiopulmonary Technologists, a charter member and consultant of the Society of Association Managers, a member of the American Society of Asso ciation Executives and a member of the International Plaiform Association.

Acuff has been the Chairman of the Board and President of NICAP since 1970. He has lectured widely on UFOs and other subjects and has been a guest on more than one hundred international television and radio shows.


ADAMSKI, GEORGE (b. April 17, 1891; Poland; d. April 23, 1965; near Washington, D.C.), one of the first and most famous CONTACTEES.

Adamslti was two years old when his parents moved to Dunkirk, New York, where he grew up. In 1913, he enlisted in the army and served in the 13th Cavalry on the Mexican border. He received an honorable dis charge in 1~9. He was almost forty when he settled in Laguna Beach, California. A self-styled professor of oriental mystical philosophy, he founded a cult called the Royal Order of Tibet. In 1940, he moved with his followers to the Valley Center, where they set up a small farming project. In 1944, he moved to the southern slope of Mount Palomar, whose peak is the site of a famous observatory. There Adamsl::i worked as a handyman at a hamburger stand.

During the late 1940s, Adamski wrote a novel, entitled Pioneers of Space, about an imaginary trip to the moon, Venus and Mars. He listed the book with the Library of Congress for copyright purposes as a work of fiction. In 1953, Adamski co-authored Flying Saucers Have Landed (New York: The British Book Centre) with British author Desmond Leslie. The book, which was highly successful, tells of Adamski's first alleged contact with SPACE PEOPLE. According to Adamski's and Leslie's account, on November 20, 1952, Adamski went into the desert accom~am'ed by anthropologist George

Hunt Wifliamson, his wife Betty Williamson, also an anthropologist and chemist, Mr. and Mrs. Al Bailey, Lucy McGinnis and Alice K. Wells. After spotting a CIGAR-SHAPED UFO, the others waited by the car while Adamski went into a small canyon. There he purpor tedly met with a Venusian with whom he communicated telepathically and by means of sign language. The Venusian told Adamski he had come to Earth to stop atomic testing because the radiation from fallout was dangerous to the other planets in the solar system. After the spacecraft had left, Adamski noticed that the Venu sian had left deep footprints in the sand. Within the outline of the footprints were strange hieroglyphics. The group happened to have brought along some plaster of Paris with which George Hunt Williamson was able to make a cast of the footprint.

Adamski's second book, Inside the Spaceships (London: Abelard-Schuman, 1955), dealt with his al leged journeys aboard flying saucers. He claimed to have flown behind the moon where he had seen cities, forests, lakes and snow-capped mountains. He had even observed people strolling along the sidewalks. When Russian photographs of the moon's far side revealed a barren surface, Adamski retorted that the Russians had retouched the pictures in order to deceive the United States.

Adamski published several photographs of flying saucers. His best-known picture shows a bell-shaped object with portholes around the upper part and three balls underneath which are supposed to be landing gear. After several years of research, author FRANK EDWARDS came to the conclusion that Adamski's space ship was in reality the top of a cannister-type vacuum cleaner made in 1937. Astronomer DONALD MENZEL, on the other hand, claimed that the object in Adamski's photograph is clearly identifiable as a well-known type of chicken brooder with three infrared bulbs under neath it. Other researchers have identified the object as

Adamaki's famous bell-shaped hying sauoer. (Courtesy Ground Saucer Watch)
ADAMSKI, CORRESPONDENT I ADMIRALTY BAY 3

a tobacco humidor top with a baby nipple on top and three ping-pong balls at the base.

In 1959, Adamski went on a world tour. His self- endowed title of professor and his Palomar address had misled some foreign journalists into thinking he was an astronomer at the observatory. He was received by Queen Juliana of the Netherlands at her palace and was then received in audience at the Vatican by Pope John who presented him with a medallion.

Adamski's third book was published under the title Flying Saucers Farewell (London. Abelard-Sehuman) in 1961 and under the title Behind the Flying Saucer Mystery (New York: Warner Paperback Library) in 1967. He died at the age of seventy-four. At the time of his death, he was offering to teach people how to use self-hypnosis to visit Venus and Mars for a fee of fifty dollars.

His first coauthor, Desmond Leslie, wrote that Adamski, if reborn on another planet, would attempt to visit Earth. Allegedly, the day alter his death, an elderly man walking toward Scoriton Down on the edge of Daitmoor in England encountered three flying saucer occupants. One of them, speaking with an American accent, stated that he was "Yamski" from Venus. He referred to "Des Les," which some of Adamski's fol lowers presume to mean "Desmond Leslie."

Several of the witnesses to Adamsloi's famous first encounter in the desert later recanted their stories. Chemical Engineer LEON DAVIDSON, publisher of Flying Saucers: An Analysis of the Air Force Project Blue Book Special Report No.14, believes that Adam ski was the naive and trusting victim of a colossal HOAX perpetrated by government agents. He holds that the spaceships in which Adamski claimed to have traveled were actually man-made structures whose windows were viewing screens showing filmed vistas of space. He points out that Adamski claimed to have been encour aged in his search for flying saucers by four U.S. government scientists. Computer scientist JACQUES VALLEE has suggested that Adamski's experiences were part of a conspiracy to unite the nations of the world by creating a false extraterrestrial threat. He notes that Adamski's major supporter abroad was a former intel ligence officer with the British Army, and a Cambridge engineering graduate. Moreover, points out Vallee, according to the host of his Australian tour, Adamski was traveling with a passport bearing special privileges.

Following Adamski's death, Alice K. Wells founded

the GEORGE ADAMSKI FOUND~ON. The organization boasts several thousand members worldwide.


ADAMSKI CORRESPONDENT GROUP, former

name of NEW ZEALAND SCIE~FIC APPROACH TO Cos MIC UNDERSTANDING (NZSATCU OR SATCU).

AD ASTRA, magazine established in 1978 with a circulation of 15,000. Published six times a year, it is available at newsstands and by subscription. The maga zine presents articles on space research and the cosmos as well as science fiction stories and unbiased coverage of mysteries, including UFOs.

Material is written by staff and freelance writers. Articles between 1,000 and 3,000 words in length should be submitted with a self-addressed, stamped envelope, and payment is made upon publication at a rate often pounds sterling per 1,000 words. Rights to all features remain with authors. There is usually no payment for photographs. The publishers require that writers be knowledgeable about their subject, and approach it from a serious, objective viewpoint, avoid ing technical jargon as far as possible.

James Manning is Editor. Ad Astra is published by Rowlot, Ltd., 22 Offerton Road, London S.W.4, En- gland.



ADEPS see ASSOCIATION POUR LA DETEC TION ET L'ETUDE DES PHENOMENES SPATIAUX



ADMIRALTY BAY, ANTARCTICA, location of a

UFO sighting by Brazilian meteorologist Rubens J. Villela and five other witnesses aboard the U.S. S. Glacier at about 6:15 on March 16, 1961, Villela was taking part in the United States Navy's Operation Deep Freeze. The sharply-defined, egg-shaped UFO traveled slowly from the northeast to the southwest at about fifty degrees above the horizon on a straight, horizontal trajectory. Villela had the impression that its size was that of a small airplane. Straight, multicolored rays extended backward in a V-formation from the front of the object. The colors changed continually but were predominantly green, red and blue. The object itself was reddish. It left behind it an orange trail which resembled a straight, hollow tube similar to a neon light. Suddenly, the front and rear of the UFO split apart, forming two separate objects, each one identical in every way to the one original object they had been. As the objects changed from red to blue-and-white, they increased in brightness. Abruptly, they vanished.

PHILIP KLASS cites this UFO as a good example of a case which can be explained in terms of PLASMA. The late meteorologist JAMES MCDONALD, however, argued that the highly structured nature of the object and the low cloud overcast present at about 1,500 feet were not compatible with Klass's hypothesis.

Bibliography: U.S. Congress, House, Committee on Science and Astronautics, Symposium on Unidentified Flying Objects, Hearings, Ninetieth Congress, Second

Session, July 29, 1968 (Washington, D.C,: U.S, Gov ernment Printing Office, 1968).


ADRUP see ASSOCIATION DIJONNMSE DE

RECHERCHES UFOLOGIQUES ET PARA PSYCHOLOGIQUES


ADVERTISING PLANES, aircraft, usually Cessnas or helicopters, which carry electronic signs with lights that flash in sequence. Usually airborne between dusk and midnight, they are most frequently observed be tween 8:00 and 10:00 P,M. Because the advertising plane's message is clear and legible only when the craft is directly above the observer, it is frequently the source of mistaken UFO reports. Many witnesses, seeing the lights flashing from right to left, assume that the lights continue around the craft in a loop. Thus they conclude, falsely, that the craft is disk-shaped and possibly rotating. When the message is completed and the last light goes out, the illusion is created that the entire craft has vanished.

Flight schedules of advertising planes can be checked by telephoning the individual aerial advertising com panies listed in the telephone directory. However, in the United States, some advertising planes fly over several states and the witness or investigator may not be able to trace them through local advertising companies.



AERIAL PHENOMENA GROUP, formal name

given by the UNITED STATES AIR FORCE to the UFO investigative organization whose code name was PROJ ECT BLUE BOOK.



AERIAL PHENOMENA INVESTIGATION

COMMITTEE (APIC), presided over by Paul J.

Blake, this organization became defunct in 1976.



AERIAL PHENOMENA INVESTIGATION OR GANIZATION (APIO), former name of the GREEN vILLE UFO STUDY GROUP.



AERIAL PHENOMENA RESEARCH OBGANI- ZATION (APRO), 3910 E. Kleindale Road, Tucson, Arizona 85712; telephone number: 602-323-1825.

The oldest organization in the field, APRO accepts the possibility that UFOs might be extraterrestrial spacecraft from another solar system engaged in a methodical study of Earth. The group's purpose is to gather, study and store UFO reports. APRO originated the field investigator system in 1968 and currently has a network of 500 investigators in the United States and fifty foreign countries. Almost fifty consultants, most of whom possess doctorates, make up advisory panels on

biological sciences, medical science, physical sciences and social sciences.

This nonprofit organization is one of the world's major UFO groups. Now possessing a membership of approx imately 3,000, APRO was founded in 1952 by CORAL E.

LORENZEN and LESLIE JAMEs "JIM" LORENZEN, who have authored numerous books on UFOs. The staff consists of International Director Jim Lorenzen, Direc tor of Research JAMES A. HARDER, Public Relations Officer Hal Starr, Secretary~Treasurer Coral Lorenzen, Membership Secretary Madeleine H. Cooper, Staff Librarian Allen Benz and Office Manager Sheila Kudrle. The Board of Directors consists of Jim Lorenzen, Coral Lorenzen, Richard Gerdes, Walter W. Walker and Louis Dougherty. Coral Lorenzen is Editor of the APRO BULL~N, which was published bimonthly until 1978 and is now published monthly.

APRO has representatives in Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Ceylon, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Domin ican Republic, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Holland, Honduras, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Malta, Mexico, New Guinea, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Puerto Rico, Philippine Re public, Rumania, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Af rica, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tasmania, Trinidad, Turkey, United Kingdom, Venezuela and Yugoslavia.


AERIAL PHENOMENON CLIPPING AND IN FORMATION CENTER (APCIC), P.O. Box 9073, Cleveland, Ohio 44137; telephone number: 216475-

1711.

Founded in 1974 by H.R. Cohen, Ron Smotek and Scott MacWilliams, this newsclipping service provides

international coverage on a monthly basis of current


information on UFO sightings from around the world. The APCIC NEWS BULL~N consists of a minimum of sixty pages and includes a section on other mysteries, such as BICFOOT. H.R. Cohen is Editor. Scott Mac- Williams is Assistant Editor. Ron Smotek handles photo analysis.


AESV see ASSOCIATION D'ETUDE SUR LES SOUCOUPES VOLANTES


AETHERIUS SOCIE'TY, 6202 Afton Place, Hol lywood, California 90028; telephone number: 213-

465-9652. European headquarters: 757 Fulham Road, London 5W6 5UU, England.

Derived from the Greek, Aetherius refers to one who travels through the ether, the upper regions of space, and is the pseudonym given by this international CONTACTEE society to an alleged cosmic master of

ˇÔ_ _ AFFA/ AFTERIMAGE 5


Venus. The group believes that UFOs are craft from Venus, Mars and other supposedly Utopian planets in Earth's solar system. Their aim is to promote the teachings of these cosmic intelligences and to prepare Earth's inhabitants for the coming of the next great master. One of their primary missions is Operation Prayer Power, in which spiritual energy created by prayer is supposedly stored in a physical container and released in condensed form to avert or reduce the effects of disasters such as earthquakes, wars and famine.

Members participate in spiritual services and attend classes and lectures. Available for purchase are a large number of books and cassette tapes. Also on sale are rocks from mountains that have been spiritually charged by the cosmic masters.

This nonprofit organization was incorporated in 1956 in the United Kingdom and in 1960 in the United States. GEORGE KING is the President and founder. U.S. Founding Directors are Monique King, Erain Noppe and Charles Abrahamson. The Secretary and Assistant Secretary of European Headquarters are Ray Nielsen and Alan Moseley, respectively. Membership stands at about 1,000. The Aetherius Society Spiritual Healing Bulletin and the Aetherius Society Newsletter are published bimonthly.

U.S. branches: Edna Sophia Spencer, 16547 Grand

River Avenue, Detroit, Michigan 48227; Lillian E.

Berndt, Box 212, Beach Lane, Huron Beach, Ocqueoc,

Michigan 49763; Virginia Roberts, Canterbury Court

Apartments, Apt. 608, 1220 North State Parkway,

Chicago, Illinois 60610. Foreign branches: Paul White,

350 Sheffield Road, Birdwell, Barnsley, South Yorkshire

570 STU, England; Natu Patel, 15 Breedon Hill Road,

Derby DE3 6TH, England; Stephen Gibson, 183 Sten ley Hill, Amersham, Bucks, England; Jay Greatrex,

Witheridge Garden Flat, 8 Oxlea Road, Torquay, De von T21 2HF, England; Jean Berry, 21 Avon Way,

Stoke Bishop, Bristol B59 1SJ, England; Mr. and Mrs.

Stewart Henderson, 1 Antony Road, Warrington,

Cheshire WA4 6DD, England; Dorothy Holt, 3 Leith

Road, Pennant Hills 2120, New South Wales, Australia;

Jochen Peters, P.O. Box 5932, Accra, Ghana, West

Africa; S. C. 0. Adeyemi, P.O. Box 8420, Lagos, Ni geria.


AFFA, alleged extraterrestrial being from the PLANET

Uranus who supposedly communicates with Frances

Swann of SOUTH BERWICK, MAINE.


AFO see ALIEN FLYING OBJECT


AFR 8~17 see MR FORCE REGULATION 8~l7

AFRICA, The world's earliest UFO report comes from Egypt where the pharaoh THUTMOSE III observed fiery disks in the fifteenth century B.C. During the MODERN ERA, there have been numerous reports of UFOs in Africa, particularly in Rhodesia and South Africa. There were WAVES of sightings in North Africa in 1950 and 1954, and in Central Africa in 1966. A 1972 wave in South Africa was highlighted by a farmer's encounter with a fiery globe in FORT BEAUFORT. Another wave followed in Rhodesia in 1975. In 1976, a cylindrical UFO was spotted from widely separate locations in Morocco over a one-hour period. In answer to a confidential communique from Ambassador Robert An derson, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger said "It is difficult to offer any definitive explanation as to the cause or origin of the UFOs sighted in the Moroccan area.

There are several UFO and CONTACTEE organizations in Africa. The majority of them are located in South Africa and Rhodesia. Noted personalities in these two countries are UFO investigator CYNTHIA HIND and CONTACTEE ELIZABETH KLARER, who claims to have given birth to an extraterrestrial's child on another

PLANET.


AFR 2O(~5 see MR FORCE REGULATION 2O~5


AFR 2O(~2 see AIR FORCE REGULATION 2O~2


AFSCA see AMALGAMATED FLYING SAU CER CLUBS OF AMERICA


AFSCA WORLD REPORT, newsletter published

by the AMALGAMATED FLYING SAUCER CLUBS OF AMER ICA (AFSCA) from 1959 to 1961, replacing the semi- religious magazine THY KINGDOM COME and in turn replaced by UFO INTERN~ONAL.


AFTERIMAGE, visual illusion which occurs when retinal impressions remain after removal of the stim ulus. The original image persists momentarily, then is replaced by a negative image in which the color and luminosity of the original are reversed. For example, a dull green object may produce a bright red afterimage. The late astronomer DONALD MENZEL has proposed that afterimages might explain numerous UFO reports, including those made by airline pilots. Since the human eye rarely remains stationary, afterimages moving with the eye give an impression of independently controlled motion. Menzel has cited the sun as one of the most common causes of such an effect, commenting that when the sun is low on the horizon or partly obscured

Continued next week...